1986PRODERM (Peru) 1990IAA (Peru) 1992CEDAP PAC II (Bolivia) 1995Pachamaman Urupa Qhantawi (Bolivia) SID Bolivia 1996


Alto Verapaz Program (Guatemala)

Humberto van der Zel, who had previously worked in PRODERM, became co-Director of the ALA 94/89 Program in Guatemala. In included introducing "perma-cultura" (organic farming), using a conventional methodology, that explicitly promised to produce results within about 10 years. However, the ALA timeline didn’t allow sticking around for so long. Remembering Pachamama Raymi from PRODERM, Humberto requested the assistance of Willem van Immerzeel, for the introduction of Pachamama Raymi in Guatemala. See: ALA book (pdf)

The contents to be introduced had fanned out immensely during the conventional phase of ALA 94/89. It inspired the term “Framework of Contents”, finally giving a name to one of the first elements of Pachamama Raymi, since trying out its prototype in PRODERM. The concept of “Framework of Contents” would later be elaborated much further during the feasibility study of MARENASS. This element of the methodology should help to keep on track, that is, on the most promising track for a certain region, in terms of economical and ecological sustainability.

Writing the book for ALA 94/89 was an opportunity to design, or rather, to name and better define a number of concepts, which allow comparing “quality” of different rural development programs. (Quality = efficiency + effectiveness)


Entre cursos y concursos
PLAN MERISS INKA (Peru) 1998MARENASS (Peru) 1999MASAL (Peru) 2001DEXCEL International 2003Araucanía Tierra Viva Program (Chile) SID Guatemala (USA) 2004Jaén San Ignacio Bagua Special Project (Peru) PRODEPINE (Ecuador) 2005Adoption of terraces in the Peruvian Andes IPSWAM (Bangladesh) PROMARENA (Bolivia) SIERRA SUR Project (Peru) VSF CICDA (Bolivia) 2006 Altagro (Peru and Bolivia) A PhDDesde el Surco (Ecuador) Pachamama Raymi SERMANU (Peru) 2007ADEMA (Bolivia) ALIADOS (Peru) Concejo Nacional del Ambiente Leren van Elkaar (Holand) Runamaki (Peru) 2008Centro de Estudios para el Desarrollo (Peru) Kirehe Community Based Watershed Management Project (KWAMP), Rwanda, Africa MIDEPLAN (Chile) 2009AID FOR PERU 2010PACC Peru2012First Contest of Healthy Homes in OcobambaSuyana FoundationTransboundary Joint Secretariat for the Southern Caucasus, Promoting Cooperation in Nature Conservat2013Tufts University 2014Puririsun Kuska